Word limit: 7500 words (should be no longer than 8 pages including figures and tables)

 1. Original Articles

INCLUDE: Abstract, Introduction, Material and methods, Results, Discussion,  References, Figure legends, Tables and Figures arranged in this order.

  • Abstract should include the following subheadings: Aim, Methods, Results and Conclusions and should be less than 250 words.
  • Introduction should be brief and end with a statement of the aim of the study or hypotheses tested. Describe and cite only the most relevant earlier studies. Avoid presentation of an extensive review of the field.
  • Material and methods should be clearly described and provide enough detail so that the observations can be critically evaluated and, if necessary repeated. Use section subheadings in a logical order to title each category or method. Use this order also in the results section. Authors should have considered the ethical aspects of their research and should ensure that the project was approved by an appropriate ethical committee, which should be stated. Type of statistical analysis must be described clearly and carefully.
  • Results should clearly and concisely report the findings, and division using subheadings is encouraged. Tables and figures should not include data that can be given in the text in one or two sentences.
  • Discussion section presents the interpretation of the findings. This is the only proper section for subjective comments and reference to previous literature. Avoid repetition of results, do not use subheadings or reference to tables in the results section.

References: Maximum 40.

2. Review Articles
INCLUDE: Abstract, Introduction, Literature Review and Conclusions.

  • Abstract: should include the following subheadings: Introduction, Literature Review and Conclusions and should be less than 250 words.
  • Introduction: Along with the definition of the subject to be presented in the review, a brief explanation of its importance in terms of pediatric dentistry and background information should be given.
  • Literature Review: This section should include a chronological compilation and discussion of research and/or case reports in the current literature on the subject.
  • Conclusions: The conclusions obtained with the literature review should be summarized.

References: Maximum 40.

3. Case Reports
INCLUDE: Abstract, Introduction, Case report(s), Discussion, Conclusions  

  • Abstract should include the following subheadings Introduction, Case report, Conclusions. 
  • A short Introduction about the disease or the condition presented in the case report
  • Case report itself (a brief description of the patient/s, presenting condition, any special investigations and outcomes);
  • Discussion which should highlight specific aspects of the case(s), explain/interpret the main findings and provide a scientific appraisal of any previously reported work in the field.
  • Conclusions: Final comments regarding the importance of the case regarding Paediatric dentistry.

References: Maximum 30.


  • All references should be numbered consecutively in order of appearance and should be as complete as possible. In text citations should cite references in consecutive order using Arabic superscript numerals.
  • Sample references follow:

    Journal article
    1. King VM, Armstrong DM, Apps R, Trott JR. Numerical aspects of pontine, lateral reticular, and inferior olivary projections to two paravermal cortical zones of the cat cerebellum. J Comp Neurol 1998; 390:537-551.

    2. Voet D, Voet JG. Biochemistry. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1990. 1223 p.

    Internet document
    3. American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2003. http://www.cancer.org/downloads/STT/CAFF2003PWSecured.pdf Accessed March 3, 2003.



  • Tables should be self-contained and complement, not duplicate, information contained in the text. They should be supplied as editable files, not pasted as images. Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the table, legend, and footnotes must be understandable without reference to the text. All abbreviations must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, §, ¶, should be used (in that order) and *, **, *** should be reserved for P-values. Statistical measures such as SD or SEM should be identified in the headings.

Figure Legends

  • Legends should be concise but comprehensive – the figure and its legend must be understandable without reference to the text. Include definitions of any symbols used and define/explain all abbreviations and units of measurement.


  • Figures should be sent in the highest-quality possible with regard to formats, sizes, and resolutions.
  • In the text, please reference figures as for instance 'Figure 1', 'Figure 2' to match the tag name you choose for the individual figure files uploaded.